Fresh eyes can help you find things you may not otherwise have observed.

Here are some plain facts to consider when proofreading and editing:

The Purdue OWL website has even more detail in the proofreading process.

Students regularly underestimate the right time it will take to create an essay, in particular the look and researching stages.

Before starting your essay, check out the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You might be surprised how long the process that is whole!

If you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly as you can see from the assignment planning calculator.

if you were to think of the essay/cake analogy, you want time for you to mix all of the ingredients properly, or even the end result will not be what you need to generally share with other people!

To create a 1000 word essay, ideally you ought to allow yourself about 3 weeks.

Let’s take a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ could be divided in to slices:

You can observe that the biggest part of your energy is spent on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.

Take a good look at another model to also see what you need certainly to consider:

This is actually the final form of the essay that is chocolate. You may also download it as a document that is pdf.

Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the “” new world “”, chocolate consumption is now a phenomenon that is worldwide. A derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form at first, chocolate. However, chocolate’s inherent popularity does not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested because of the title. The realities of chocolate are more right down to earth; a true number of the realities will soon be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that may influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat because of the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate may very well be a drug in place of a food. Moreover, you have the probability of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it is argued that despite chocolate’s effect that is positive some cases on mood while the cardiovascular system it has additionally been associated with addiction and obesity.

Use of chocolate is something that numerous enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as for example chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a review that is systematic of literature in the field point to several studies, such as for example Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which may actually confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the feeling results of chocolate “are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth”. In addition, mood is one thing this is certainly hard to isolate and quantify, and besides the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there seems to be research that is little any further term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study found that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt was also a statistically significant factor for most, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect could be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.

Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, can be a provider of significant quantities of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that assist in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate have to be considered within the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The key to maximising some great benefits of flavanols in chocolate seems to lie when you look at the known amount of fats present. Cocoa, which can be simply chocolate without the fat, is one of obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation associated with flavanols involves compounds that are such present in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they truly are biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).

The biological makeup of chocolate can also be relevant in determining whether chocolate is better viewed as a food or a drug, however the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like fatty that is unsaturated (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) which could represent a neurochemical dependency possibility of chocolate, yet can be found in exceedingly small amounts. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study discovered that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a correlation that is negative chocolate consumption and mood. This can be perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, in the place of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it is often argued that chocolate may also be used as a type of self-medication, especially in relation to magnesium deficiency. A study by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that women try not to generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier tests by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in women. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings might be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, any difficulty . the proportion of individuals chocolate that is using a drug instead of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.

A final point to consider in terms of chocolate is the perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. An individual is thought as carrying excess fat when their Body Mass Index is higher than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that we now have no specific correlations between the 2 variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This might be typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who discovered that, during a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate a day, a group of adults demonstrated no significant weight increase. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is certainly not likely to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie intake that is dense more than required for bodily function, allowing for quantities of activity. The‘chocoholic’ that is stereotypical more prone to consume a great many other sweet foods and be less likely to want to take exercise than other people, so chocolate consumption is only one possible variable when it comes to the causes of obesity.

Obesity and chocolate consumption seems to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this essay, many chocolate focused arguments have been presented, including the transient effectation of chocolate on mood in addition to proven fact that it really is as prone to create feelings of guilt at the time of essaywriter well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the possibility great things about flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the high fat/carbohydrate content of all forms of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can also be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate that could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a very good research give attention to chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It can therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a food that is healthy but can be enjoyed as part of a healthy and balanced and balanced diet and lifestyle.

‘Integrity’ pertains to ‘honesty’, and academic integrity involves writing in a reputable way, to ensure that no body will think you might be claiming that words or ideas from some other person are your own personal. This will be significant in academic writing in western countries, and you might be accused of plagiarism, which is a serious offence at university if you do not do this.

Plagiarism means using someone else’s words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.

Of course, when an essay is written by us we must relate to other people’s ideas. We gave a few of the grounds for this before:

  • To demonstrate respect for other people’s ideas and work
  • To clearly identify information coming from another source
  • To tell apart an external source from your interpretation or your own personal findings
  • To support your arguments that are own thus giving you more credibility
  • To show proof of wide (and understood) reading